Race discrimination can also be classed as racism, the belief that racial differences create an inherent superiority of a particular race. Some racial groups could be denied rights or positive aspects, or receive preferential treatment. Race discrimination typically points out the differences between ethnic and cultural groups. The term race discrimination means ‘any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.’
The Race Relations Act 1976 covers the law relating to race discrimination in employment and training, education, housing, the provision of goods, facilities and services, and advertising. It was amended in 2001. At present there are 4 diverse kinds of race discrimination: direct, indirect, harassment and victimisation.
Direct discrimination is when a individual treats you much less favourably on racial grounds than they would treat, or treats some other individual. Racial grounds are defined on the grounds of colour, race, and nationality, ethnic or national origins. Several folks think that race discrimination is only the act of becoming much less favourable to those on the grounds of colour or race, but in fact, discrimination on the grounds of nationality, ethnic or national origins is equally as unlawful.
Indirect discrimination challenges the practices and procedures which look like they apply in the exact same way to everybody but which in reality, have various, unfair effects on certain groups. It is defined in the employment circumstances, as becoming the application of a distinct provision, criterion, or practice, which places a racial group at a disadvantage, which cannot be justified.
Race discrimination by way of victimisation normally occurs when a individual treats you much less favourably than they would treat an individual else in those particular circumstances. And harassment in race discrimination is the undesirable conduct which has the purpose or effect of violating your dignity or producing an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for you, on the grounds of your race or ethnic or national origins.
If race discrimination takes location in the course of the course of employment, the employer is held responsible for the unlawful acts of their workers. The employer can nonetheless stay away from becoming liable for the unlawful acts of employees, if it can be shown that the acts complained of, have fallen outside the scope of the course of employment.